ABCA7. The exact role of ABCA7 isn't clear, but the gene seems to be linked to a greater risk of Alzheimer's disease. Researchers suspect it may have something to do with the gene's role in how the body uses cholesterol.
CLU. This gene helps regulate the clearance of amyloid-beta from the brain. Research supports the theory that an imbalance in the production and clearance of amyloid-beta is central to the development of Alzheimer's disease.
CR1. A deficiency of the protein this gene produces may contribute to chronic inflammation in the brain. Inflammation is another possible factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease.
PICALM. This gene is linked to the process by which brain nerve cells (neurons) communicate with each other. Smooth communication between neurons is important for proper neuron function and memory formation.
PLD3. Scientists don't know much about the role of PLD3 in the brain. But it's recently been linked to a significantly increased risk of Alzheimer's disease.
TREM2. This gene is involved in the regulation of the brain's response to inflammation. Rare variants in this gene are associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease.
SORL1. Some variations of SORL1 on chromosome 11 appear to be associated with Alzheimer's disease.
Full article here: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alzheimers-disease/in-depth/alzheimers-genes/art-20046552